United Nations Security Council

Committee Description

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is the organ of the United Nations responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security. Arguably the most publicized and most powerful UN body, it has been active since 1946 when members first convened in London, England. Its headquarters have since been moved to the United Nations headquarters in New York City.

The UNSC is made up of 15 member states, with five permanent members and ten non-permanent members. The permanent members, known as the P5, are the United States, China, France, Russia and the United Kingdom. Each of the P5 possesses the power to veto any substantive UNSC resolutions. Non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly. Following the October 2014 election, the current members are Chad, Nigeria, Angola, Jordan, Malaysia, Chile, Venezuela, New Zealand, Spain, and Lithuania.

The UNSC is unique in the UN as it is the only body with the power to make decisions that other members are obligated to follow. Under the UN Charter, all member states agree to accept and carry out decisions made by the UNSC. In situations where conflict cannot be ended by peaceful negotiations, the UNSC may choose a variety of courses of action, such as dispatching peacekeepers, enforcing economic sanctions, severing diplomatic relations, or even pursuing collective military action; however, while military action is possible, one of the UNSC’s chief concerns is to ensure minimal impact on the civilian population and economy. This, along with the prospect of veto power, makes the Security Council a true diplomatic, political and military challenge.

UNSC is an advanced committee. Prior experience in MUN and debate is highly recommended; however, anyone with interest or strong delegating skills may participate if they wish to.

Please submit all position papers and inquiries relating to UNSC to [email protected].

Topics | Backgrounders

Topic A: Civil Aviation Security (View Backgrounder)

Topic B: Resolution of the Kashmir Conflict (View Backgrounder)


Alex Wen
Alex is thoroughly honored to be serving as the director for the UNSC committee. Having been involved in CAIMUN as a delegate, and then crisis chair, for the past two years, he can tell you just how much potential one has in this growing community of future leaders. Both topics for the UNSC committee have been carefully selected to bring experience and knowledge to delegates and to push their levels of debate, critical thinking, and negotiation. Although Alex has high expectations for the committee skill level, he strongly encourages all those who are interested in the discussion topics to join. In his spare time, Alex enjoys studying physics, mathematics, and military history. He can also be frequently spotted playing table tennis and organizing various events in and around his school. He will be thrilled to meet you in May!

Annabeth Lin
Annabeth Lin is a grade 11 IB student attending Semiahmoo Secondary and is more than excited to be serving as the chair of UNSC. Since she first discovered Model United Nations in grade 10, she immediately fell in love with it because of the collaborative and constructive atmosphere it provides. Outside of MUN and IB, Annabeth can be found playing her favourite instrument, euphonium, or running nonprofit organizations. Whether this is your first or last conference, CAIMUN 2017 will not be a disappointment. She looks forward to meeting all the delegates and wishes them best of luck in CAIMUN 2017!