United Nations Security Council

Committee Description

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is the organ of the United Nations responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security. Arguably the most publicized and most powerful UN body, it has been active since 1946 when members first convened in London, England. Its headquarters have since been moved to the United Nations headquarters in New York City.

The UNSC is made up of 15 member states, with five permanent members and ten non-permanent members. The permanent members, known as the P5, are the United States, China, France, Russia and the United Kingdom. Each of the P5 possesses the power to veto any substantive UNSC resolutions. Non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly. Following the October 2014 election, the current members are Chad, Nigeria, Angola, Jordan, Malaysia, Chile, Venezuela, New Zealand, Spain, and Lithuania.

The UNSC is unique in the UN as it is the only body with the power to make decisions that other members are obligated to follow. Under the UN Charter, all member states agree to accept and carry out decisions made by the UNSC. In situations where conflict cannot be ended by peaceful negotiations, the UNSC may choose a variety of courses of action, such as dispatching peacekeepers, enforcing economic sanctions, severing diplomatic relations, or even pursuing collective military action; however, while military action is possible, one of the UNSC’s chief concerns is to ensure minimal impact on the civilian population and economy. This, along with the prospect of veto power, makes the Security Council a true diplomatic, political and military challenge.

UNSC is an advanced committee. Prior experience in MUN and debate is highly recommended; however, anyone with interest or strong delegating skills may participate if they wish to.

To view the country matrix, please click here.

Please submit all position papers and inquiries relating to UNSC to [email protected].

Topics | Backgrounders

Topic A: The Cold War in the Middle East (View Backgrounder)

Topic B: Nuclear Non-Proliferation (View Backgrounder)


Derick Yuan
As a rising junior hailing from Fraser Heights Secondary, Derick is ecstatic to be serving as your director for UNSC at CAIMUN 2018! Initially, in his sophomore year, Derick joined Model UN as a conformist of peer pressure. Now, Derick relishes every moment of this spectacle, mesmerized by its level of debate, diplomacy, and leadership. But even so, Derick believes that the true beauty of MUN lies in its ability to bring together like-minded individuals; truly, it is the people you meet along your journey that make each and every conference so enjoyable and unforgettable. When not dressed in business attire, Derick can be found playing badminton, jogging, debugging code, or hanging out with friends. Derick extends his warmest welcome to all delegates and looks forward to an unforgettable experience in April.

Kevin Wang
A grade 11 student attending Fraser Heights Secondary, Kevin is honoured to be Chairing UNSC at CAIMUN this year. Since his introduction to Model UN, he’s been truly captivated by the extent of political engagement and proficiency in debate; each conference has become something to look forward to months beforehand. When Kevin’s not walking around a conference in formalwear, he can be found exploring Vancouver’s culinary offerings, failing to correctly analyze the stock markets, reading up on current events, crying over math, or simply procrastinating by re-watching episodes of his favorite TV shows. Kevin can’t wait to meet all the delegates and hopes that CAIMUN will yield a fruitful experience!